Shekaru 75 bayan yakin Stalingrad. Wasu littattafai game da ita

Hoy 2 don Fabrairu sun cika Shekaru 75 tun ƙarshen Yakin Stalingrad. Kuma ga wadanda muke da sha'awar Yakin duniya na biyu, kawanya da gwagwarmaya a wannan garin na Volga Wannan ɗayan ɗayan hukunce-hukuncensa ne na mummunan lokacin ga Humanan Adam wanda shine yaƙin.

A gare ni musamman abin na musamman ne saboda, don rubuta ɗayan litattafai na, ina so in karanta wasu abubuwa. Ya ishe ni Yakin Stalingradda marubuci kuma masanin tarihi William Craig. Amma ba tare da wata shakka ba, aiki ne na Anthony Beevor ne adam wata watakila mafi sani. A yau na kalli wasu taken a matsayin wakili kamar na Zaitsev, shahararren maharbi na Stalingrad, ko na marshal na Jamus Daga Paulus. Daraja azaman haraji da ƙwaƙwalwa ga waɗancan kwanaki masu wahala.

Stalingrad (a yau Volgograd) shine kuma zai kasance daidai da ɗayan Yaƙe-yaƙe mafi shahararren hukunci game da Yaƙin Duniya na II. Wataƙila tare da na Kurdawa, a watan Yulin 1943, babban yakin tanki, tabbas alama ce ta yaƙi. Tare da dubunnan labarai da jarumai, masana tarihi ba za su taɓa daina gaya mana game da shi ba kuma asalin labarin tatsuniyoyi zai ci gaba da kasancewa mara iyaka.

El fim din yaki Ya sanya hotuna a kai a lokuta da yawa, amma an bar ni da wasu shahararrun mutane: Abokan gaba a ƙofar (2001)daga Faransanci Jean-Jacques Annaud. Farawa Joseph Fiennes, Jude Law, Ed Harris da Rachel Weisz, ya faɗi almara na arangama tsakanin maharba Vasili Záitsev da Erwin König. kuma Stalingrad, fim mai matukar wahala na 1993, Hadin gwiwar Bajamushe da Sweden, wanda ke bada labari labarin wani rukuni na sojojin Jamus da kuma munanan kwanakin karshe a cikin gari.

Likitan na Stalingrad - Heinz G. Konsalik

Labarin ya fara riga 1943. Bayan kayen Stalingrad, likitan soja Fritz bohler an kama shi tare da ɗaruruwan sojoji kuma an aika su zuwa sansanin fursuna. Tun a shekarar 1949 Böhler da sahabbansa ke ci gaba da kokarin tsira daga garkuwar da suka yi. Amma lokacin da daya daga cikin fursunonin Jamusawa ya kamu da cutar appendicitis, Böhler ya yanke shawarar fuskantar barazanar tiyata, wanda hakan zai kara dagula lamarin nasa.

Haruffa na karshe de Stalingrad - Ba a sani ba

En 1954 aka buga a Alemania wannan littafin da ya tattara gutsuttsura wasiƙu 39 waɗanda sojojin na Jamus suka rubuta kuma suka aika a cikin kwanakin ƙarshe na yaƙi. A cewar mawallafin littafin, hukumomin Nazi sun kwace jakunkuna bakwai na karshe da za a iya jigilarsu. An yi nazarin abubuwan ciki kuma an bincika su kuma wasiƙun ba su kai ga addressees ɗin su ba.

Amma shekaru daga baya sun sake bayyana a ciki Rukunin sojan Potsdam kuma an dawo dasu domin bugawa. Amma ya zama sun bambanta, ba jabu ba, amma ba ingantattun takardu bane. Koyaya, a matsayin kara shaida ga abin da zai iya kuma sun kasance da "gaskiya" na Yakin Stalingrad.

Ni da Stalingrad - Friedrich Von Paulus

Waɗannan sune tunanin na Kwamanda da Marshal Von Paulus, a cikin rundunar sojan ta shida ta Jamus, wanda ya kawo karshen sallamar dakarunta da suka salwanta a Stalingrad. Labari ne game da labari mai ban mamaki hakan yana bamu amsa ta hanyar hangen nesa game da abin da ya faru. Kuma yana da takaddun tarihi na farko kuma na asali, amma kuma asusun na musamman rayuwarsa ta sirri da ta soja, kuma sama da duka, na yanayin da ya sanya shi alama a waɗannan watanni masu yanke hukunci.

Tunawa da Maharbi a Stalingrad - Vasily Zaitsev

Vassili Zaitsev ya kasance Ural mafarauci tare da nufin unerring kuma ya nuna hakan a yakin Stalingrad, inda, a cikin kalmominsa, “ya ​​kashe 242 Jamusawa, gami da masu harbe-harben abokan gaba fiye da goma ”. Wannan littafin shine asusun sirri na kwarewarsa a yakin, ya sha bamban da wanda aka nuna a fim ɗin Annaud ”. Tare da na Von Paulus, labarin ɗayan ɓangaren ne, mai nasara, amma kuma shaida ne ga dabbancin abin da aka ɗauka a matsayin yakin jini na biyu a yakin duniya na biyu.

Yaƙin Stalingrad - William Craig

Abokan gaba a ƙofar Abin sha daga sassa da abubuwan da aka sake ambata a cikin wannan littafin Craig. Thearshen aiki mai wuyar gaske ne shekaru biyar na bincike, a lokacin da marubucin ya yi tafiya cikin ƙasashen da abin ya shafa, yana nazarin takardu, kuma yana yin tambayoyi da yawa wadanda suka tsira. Sakamakon ya nuna mana lga mafi yawan fuskar mutane da yawa daga masu ba da labarin kuma yana da mosaic na ainihin abubuwan da suka faru da haruffa daga babban bala'in da suka fuskanta.

Stalingrad - Anthony Beevor

Yiwuwa mafi shahara ko sanannen littafi. Beewararrun masana tarihi sun yaba aikin Beevor kuma ya zama mafi kyawun siyarwa na duniya. Beevor gudanar da wani cikakken bincike a cikin kayan tarihin Rasha da na Jamusanci, ana ciro wasiƙa daga gare su daga sojoji da ba a san su ba da kuma shaidu. Ya kuma tambayi wadanda suka tsira daga bangarorin biyu don sake gina kwarewar da dukkanin jaruman ke nunawa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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