Rasha. 7 muhimman litattafan adabin sa. Shin mun karanta su?

An fara da Ƙwallon ƙafa na Duniya. Akwai riga akwai nishaɗi a duniya tsawon wata ɗaya har zuwa 15 ga Yuli na gaba. Kuma wannan shekara ana bikin a waccan ƙasa mara misaltuwa, kyakkyawa kuma mai ban sha'awa wato Rasha. A yau na sadaukar da wannan labarin ga 7 daga cikin ayyukan adabin da ya fi wakilta da kuma manyan marubutan tarihi 6. Kuma mai yiwuwa ne idan ba mu karanta su ba, mun ga karbuwa a fim. Na furta cewa na rasa Yaki da zaman lafiya, amma sauran sune ga daraja.

Rasha da ni

Wani ɓangare na Ikklesiya a nan wanda ya san ni ya san cewa saboda dalilan da suka tsere mani, ko kuma har yanzu ban sami damar gano su da kyau ba, Ni Russophile ne Zai kasance soyayyata ga sanyi da kuma buda-baki, ko kuma don rashin nutsuwa da ke hade da ruhin Rasha. Kuma kamar yadda na fada kwanakin baya daya daga cikin mawakan da na fi so shine Alexander Pushkin. Amma ban sani ba, gaskiyar ita ce wannan ƙasar da mutanenta ke jawo ni kuma su ma sun zama sanadin ɗayan litattafina.

Dole ne nayi bincike na game da labarin da aka sanya a Yaƙin Duniya na II kuma shi ya sa na karanta wannan ɗanyen Gulag Archipelago, ta Alexander Solzhenitsyn ko Rayuwa da rabo ta Vasili Grossman, da La uwarby Tsakar Gida Da Ana Karerina na Tolstoy ko Docda Zhivago Na daɗe da karantawa ta Pasternak saboda sun kasance a gidana tsawon lokacin da zan iya tunawa, banda ganin abubuwan da ake amfani dasu a fim. Kuma da Labaran Rasha da aka hana Afanásiev ya ba ni hangen nesa da ban sani ba.

Kuma a, Ina da Yaki da zaman lafiya kamar yadda hakika rabin mutanan duniya wadanda suka gamsu da ganin sigar fim ɗinsa tare da fuskokin Audrey Hepburn, Henry Fonda da Mel Ferrer. Amma akwai marubuta da yawa da ayyukan adabi waɗanda ke da mahimmanci cewa Rasha ta samar da cewa ba za a sami isassun labarai don yin sharhi a kansu ba.

7 na gargajiya

Ana Karerin - Zaki Tolstoy

Akwai ɗan abin faɗi game da Leo Tolstoy. Ya isa tare da adadi na ɗayan manyan marubuta ba kawai Rasha ba amma daga adabin duniya. Anna Karenina, wanda aka buga a cikin sigar sa na ƙarshe a cikin 1877, ana la'akari dashi aikinsa mafi girman buri da nisa. Haƙiƙa da ɗabi'a, wannan littafin kwatankwacin kwatanci ne na zamantakewar Rasha a lokacin kuma yana nuna kakkausar suka game da raguwar masu mulkin mallaka, da ƙima da ƙima da munafuncin da ya mamayeta.

Ya dace da mummunan halin ɗabi'a a cikin marubucin wanda ya sa shi rubuta wannan labarin banzan zina. Jarumar ta, Ana Karenina, ta fada cikin mummunan bala'in da laifi, neman alheri da fadawa cikin zunubi, bukatar fansa, kin jinin jama'a da rikicewar cikin da wannan kin amincewa ta haifar.

Yaki da zaman lafiya  - León Tolstoy

Kasance shekaru bakwai na aiki da shafuka 1 Wannan yana haifar, aƙalla, haƙuri lokacin da kuka ɗauki littafin. Abu ne mai yiyuwa saboda wannan dalilin, mai ruwan sanyi na kasar Rasha, Austerlitz da Napoleon da rikice-rikice masu yawa tsakanin masu fada a ji, akwai da yawa daga cikinmu da suka ja baya. Sannan muna da fuskokin wadanda suka dace Audrey Hepburn, Henry Fonda da Mel Ferrer a cikin fim, da kuma dogon lokaci, samar da fim wanda ya sanya hannu Sarki vidor a shekarar 1956. Kuma mun fifita shi zuwa takarda.

A cikin littafin Tolstoy an ba da labarin rikice-rikicen rayuwar halaye da yawa iri daban-daban a cikin kusan shekaru hamsin na tarihin Rasha. Sabili da haka mun sami kamfen ɗin Russia a Prussia tare da shahararren yaƙi na Austerlitz, kamfen din sojojin Faransa a Rasha tare da yakin Borodin ko wutar Moscow. Yayin da sauyin yanayi na wasu iyalai biyu masu martaba na Rasha suka haɗu, da Bolkonska da Rostovs. Haɗin haɗin haɗin tsakanin su shine ƙidaya Peter Bezeschov, wanda ke tattare da rikitarwa da alaƙar yawa.

Gulag Archipelago - Alexander Solzhenitsyn ne adam wata

An hana shi shekaru da yawa ta tsarin kwaminisanci, wannan shine babban tarihin cibiyar sadarwar Soviet da sansanonin horo inda miliyoyin mutane suka kasance a tsare a lokacin rabin rabin karni na XNUMX. Solzhenitsyn ya kasance a tsare ga ɗayansu kuma yana sake tsara rayuwar cikin wahala. mujalladi uku kuma an rubuta su tsakanin 1958 da 1967 kuma yana da mahimman takardu game da lokacin.

Doctor Zhivago - Boris Pasternak

Boris Pasternak ya kasance poeta, mai fassara da kuma marubuci, kuma a ƙuruciyarsa ya goge kafadu tare da Tolstoy ko Rilke. Wannan itace babbar fasahar tasa, wacce ta sami kakkausar suka daga gwamnatin kwaminisanci kuma ta mai da shi marubucin haramtacce. Amma kuma ya kai shi ga samun Kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi a 1958.

Yuri Andréyevich, Dr. Zhivago (wanda koyaushe zai sami fuskar Omar shariff) yana soyayya da Larisa Fiódorovna. Da labarin soyayya tsakanin su biyun, mai tsananin so ne, mai ban tausayi ne kuma ba mai yuwuwa baneA cikin yanayin Juyin Juya Halin Rasha, ɗayan ɗayan waɗanda aka fi tuna da su a cikin adabi da kuma sinima.

Rayuwa da rabo - Vasili Grossman ne adam wata

Kamar mai ban sha'awa da motsi kamar yadda yake da wahalar karantawa, Rayuwa da rabo, Yana da wani babban kaset na tarihin mutane an gwada shi da na baya Yaki da zaman lafiya o Likita Zhivago. Shaidu ne irin su ciwon mahaifiya da aka tilasta yin bankwana da ɗanta, ƙaunar wata budurwa a ƙarƙashin tashin bama-bamai ko ɓatar da mutuntakarta daga sojoji a kan sahun gaba. Har ila yau mahimmanci ga waɗanda muke masoya Yakin duniya na biyu.

La uwa - Maxim Gorky

Wani babban, Máximo Gorki, watakila babbar nasarar da ya samu a wannan aikin. Marubucin yayi wahayi zuwa ga abubuwan da suka faru a masana'antar Sornovo yayin juyin juya halin 1905. Kuma a ciki ya nuna imaninsa na zahiri da yuwuwar inganta rayuwar mutum.

Labaran Rasha da aka hana - Alexander N. Afanasiev

Ya hada da ɗaya zabin labarai daga lalata zuwa rikice-rikice cewa wannan ɗan jaridar kuma mashahurin ɗan tarihin Rasha na karni na XNUMX shine ke kula da tattarawa kuma wanda na riga na faɗi a cikin wannan labarin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Fernando m

    Kun manta da wasan olympics game da Fyodor Dostoevsky. Abin nadama…

    1.    Mariola Diaz-Cano Arevalo m

      Sannu Fernando.
      A'a, Ban manta da wasan Olympic ba Don Fiódor. Shi kaɗai ya cancanci cikakken labarin da zan keɓe masa ba da daɗewa ba, don haka na yanke shawarar cire shi daga wannan. Kuma kada kuyi hakuri. Akwai abubuwa mafi mahimmanci da za ayi ;-).

bool (gaskiya)