6 nau'ikan adabi marasa sani

Alkalami, takarda da tsoffin haruffa

A cikin duniyar adabi mai yawa, duka tatsuniyoyi da waɗanda ba almara ba sun ƙunshi nau'ikan nau'ikan halittu da ƙananan abubuwa waɗanda, ko dai saboda suna cikin wani yanki ko kuma saboda bazuwar yadawa, wasu daga cikinmu ba su kula da su ba a cikin 'yan shekarun nan. Kyakkyawan hujja akan wannan sune 6 nau'ikan adabi marasa sani daga cikin abin da sauyin yanayi ko kuma yanayin yanayin haƙiƙanin sihiri ya fito fili.

Saga

Lokacin da muka karanta wannan kalmar duk waɗannan m-sayarwa tantancewa a cikin abubuwa da yawa kamar Harry Potter ko Wasannin Yunwa. Koyaya, asalin adabi na wannan lokacin ya fito ne daga tsohuwar yaren Norse, musamman daga al'adun Icelandic wanda ke nuna labaran mayaƙa, Vikings da sauran hukumomi na al'adun Norse da Jamusanci fiye da shekaru ɗari bakwai da suka gabata. Daya daga cikin mafi kyaun misalai zai kasance Grettir Sagas, rubuta a karni na goma sha uku.

Penny Dreadful

dinari-mai ban tsoro

"Penny Dreadul", ɗayan ɗayan waƙoƙin adabin da ba a san shi ba wanda ya faɗakar da jerin tauraron Eva Green.

Shahararren sanannen fim din Eva Green ya ceci yawancin haruffa waɗanda suka haɗa da nau'in adabi wanda har yanzu masoya adabi ba su san shi ba. Babban nasara a cikin Victorian London, wallafe-wallafe "Penny Dreadful" labarai ne na ban tsoro wadanda aka shirya a matsayin kari ana iya siyan su akan dinari (saboda haka "dinar ta'addancin"). Oneaya daga cikin shahararrun haruffa a cikin waɗannan tarin shine Sweeney Todd wanzami, wanda aka tsara don fim a 2007 daga Tim Burton.

Robinsonade

rayuwar Pi

Wataƙila abubuwan da ke cikin wannan nau'ikan abubuwan da suka faru sananne ne a gare ku, amma ba gaskiyar cewa an san labarinsu da Robinsonadas ba, kalmar da ke ɗauke da ita daga tatsuniya. Robinson Crusoe na Daniel Dafoe idan ya koma ga wadancan litattafan wadanda ra'ayinsu daya ya shafi kadaicin mutum da yake fuskantar yanayi na rashin jituwa, nesa da wayewa. Misalai na zamani waɗanda suka samo asali daga labarin da aka buga a 1719 zai kasance Ubangijin liesudaje, na William Goldin ko kwanan nan Life of Pi, na Yann Martel.

cli-fi

wani abu-daga-can

Canjin yanayi lamari ne wanda ya tattara adabin da ba zai tsere wa damar bayar da labaran da aka tsara a cikin makomar dystopian ba. Jinsi cli-fi (ko almara-yanayi) ya kunshi narkewar kankara ko hawan tekuna a matsayin kayan masarufi idan ana batun nisantar daga tatsuniyoyin kimiyya ta hanyar bayar da ayyuka irin su The Submerged World, na JGBallard, wanda ya fi Solar zamani Ian McEwan ko kwanan nan Wani abu, daga can, ta ɗan jaridar nan ɗan ƙasar Italiya Bruno Arpaia kuma gidan buga littattafan Alianza ya buga shi a wannan watan.

LaPrek

Wannan shine labarin wani dan jarida mai suna Ravish Kumar wannan ya ɗauki mita kowace rana don zuwa aiki. A yayin tafiya, Kumar ya lura da halin fasinjoji na sauya littattafai a wayoyinsu na hannu, shi yasa ma ya fara amfani da su. . . amma rubutawa 140-kananan micro-labaru. Watanni daga baya, abin da ake kira jinsi LaPrek, ko Laghu Prem Katha (Labaran Soyayya), wanda wannan ɗan jaridar ya mallaka ba ya sake inganta masana'antar buga littattafai a Indiya ba, amma ya sake tabbatar da yiwuwar karamin adabin da aka Haifa akan Intanet jere daga haikus da aka rubuta akan bangon Facebook zuwa gasa kamar #TwitterFiction.

Chaouhan

Wasu nau'ikan adabi suna fitowa ne a matsayin martani na wata al'ada dangane da asalin ta, kuma a game da China, mai yiwuwa ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashen da suka sami ci gaba sosai a cikin shekaru talatin da suka gabata, ana kiran wannan salon adabi chaouhan (ko matsananci-ba na gaske ba). Haƙiƙanin rashin gaskiya ya bayyana azaman amsawa ga ainihin sihiri na Latin Amurka amma dangane da tarihin katafaren dan China kuma, musamman, kan sabon fasalinsa na cin hanci da rashawa: alkalai wadanda zawarawa hudu suka halarta, wadanda ke neman mafaka a ofisoshin jakadancin Amurka. . . Tsinkayen da ke tabbatar da yadda gaskiya za ta iya wuce almara a cikin kasar da saurin cigaban zamantakewar ta, siyasa da al'adu ya zama dalilin fitowar harkar adabi a shekarar 2016.

Wadannan 6 nau'ikan adabi marasa sani Sun haɗa da ayyukan da aka riga aka sani da sauransu waɗanda zasu zama abin mamaki ga masu karatu masu sha'awar sabbin labarai. Ta wannan hanyar, an tabbatar da cewa, a cikin karni na XNUMX, ana iya yaba wa adabi ta sabbin hanyoyi da yawa dangane da kyakkyawar manufar, zamanin da ba zai dawo ba ko ma dogaro da sabbin fasahohi.

Wanne daga waɗannan nau'o'in adabin da ba a sani ba za ku zaɓa?

Shin kun san wani ɗan sanannen nau'in ilimin adabi da kuke son rabawa tare da mu?

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   HaVett m

    Barka dai, labaran adabi. Ina ganin zai yi kyau sosai idan kuka gyara wannan "m" a farkon labarin. A zahiri, kuna nufin "mai faɗi." Duk mafi kyau.

    1.    Alberto Kafa m

      Kafaffen, kwaro mai sume Na gode sosai, De Ha Vett.

  2.   HaVett m

    😉

  3.   sha pihen m

    Sannu: Kyakkyawan bayani. Godiya.

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