Waɗannan sune mafi kyaun litattafan Ingilishi na 25 na kowane lokaci?

To, abin da mutane suka ce kenan BBC, wanda ya gabatar da wannan tambayar ga masu suka na ƙasashen waje (masu karatu a wajen Burtaniya), kuma da kyakkyawan zato. Sakamakon ya kasance wannan zaɓi na 25 taken dauke kamar yadda mafi kyawun litattafan Ingila. Suna tsakanin su Wuthering Heights, Jane Eyre, Babban Tsammani, Zuciyar Duhu o 1984. Kuma marubuta sun yawaita. Bari mu duba. Na yarda da wasu daga cikinsu kuma na tabbata yawancin masu karatu suma zasuyi.

Yawan mata

Gaskiyar karin kasancewar marubuta fiye da marubuta saboda suna sa hannu kusan rabin zaɓaɓɓun sunayen, 6 cikin 10 da aka fi zaɓa, kuma suna cikin Manyan 3. Kuma sunaye ne irin na George Eliot, Virginia Woolf da Jane Austen, misali, da suke ɗauka uku ambaci. Kuma lallai yan’uwa mata Bronta (ta yaya zai kasance in ba haka ba tare da wannan abubuwan uku), wanda ya lashe kyautar Nobel Doris rage, kuma mafi yawan Zadie Smith na yanzu a matsayin sanannen suna a cikin karni na XNUMX.

XIX karni

Yana da karnin da ya fi rinjaye Har ila yau a cikin wannan zaɓin na BBC. Wataƙila a cikin wannan mun yi kama manyanmu na gargajiya na kasa na lokaci kamar Benito Pérez Galdós, Emilia Pardo Bazán, Leopoldo Alas «Clarín», Larra ko Blasco Ibáñez. Kuma shine cewa yawancin manyan litattafan Burtaniya an rubuta su a lokacin Shekarun Victoria, Har ila yau, ya dace da cikakken lokacin juyin juya halin Masana'antu da Babban Nunin Landan. Dole ne kawai ku ga sunayen sunaye kamar Dickens, Thackeray, Hardy ko Conrad, tuni sun yi iyaka da XX.

Mafi kyau

Wanda masu suka suka zaba a matsayin mafi kyawun littafin british fue Middlemarch, wanda ga masu karatu na ƙasashen waje ko tare da wasu yarukan ba, ya zuwa yanzu, ya fi shahara. Sa hannu shi Mariya anne evans, wanda aka fi sani da sunan maza na George Eliot. Na shi ne na bakwai labari kuma yana ɗauke da taken "nazarin rayuwa a cikin larduna," wanda ke ba da isassun alamu don hasashen cikakken hoto na al'ummar Burtaniya daga rabi na biyu na karni na XNUMX.

Yana faruwa a yankin na Midlands, a cikin wani kirkirarren birni da ake kira Middlemarch. An buga shi a asali fascicles wancan ya ƙare har ya zama kundin 8. A cikinsu marubucin ya haɗu realism da dariya daidai sassan a cikin wannan fresco na zamantakewa. Haƙiƙa cewa taken kowa a cikin yawancin adabin litattafan karnin nan.

Littattafan 25

1. Middlemarch (1874), na George Eliot.

2. Zuwa gidan haske (1927), na Virginia Woolf.

3. Madam Dalloway (1925), na Virginia Woolf.

4. Babban fata (1861), na Charles Dickens.

5. Jane eyre (1847), na Charlotte Brontë.

6. Gidan da ba kowa (1853), na Charles Dickens.

7. Wuthering Heights (1847), na Emily Brontë.

8. David Copperfield (1850), na Charles Dickens.

9. Frankenstein (1818), daga Mary Shelley.

10. Girman banza (1848), na William Makepeace Thackeray.

11. Girman kai da son zuciya (1813), na Jane Austen.

12. 1984 (1949), na George Orwell.

13. Kyakkyawan soja (1915), na Ford Madox Ford.

14. Clarissa (1748), na Samuel Richardson.

15. Kafara (2001), na Ian McEwan.

16. Kalaman (1931), na Virginia Woolf.

17. Marfafawa (Howards End) (1910) daga EM Forster.

18. Abin da ya rage na rana (1989), na Kazuo Ishiguro.

19. Emma (1815), na Jane Austen.

20. Juyowa (1817), na Jane Austen.

21. Zuciyar Duhu (1899), na Joseph Conrad.

22. Tom Jones (1749), na Henry Fielding.

23. Jude duhu (1895), na Thomas Hardy.

24. Littafin rubutu na zinare (1962), na Doris Lessing.

25. Farin hakora (2000), na Zadie Smith.

Ina zama tare da ...

… Wataƙila ƙari tare da sauran littattafan da waɗancan marubutan suka rubuta. Misali, daga Dickens Da na zabi nasa Oliver karkatarwa har ma da nasu Labaran Kirsimeti. Amma tabbas, Mista Scrooge ɗayan manyan haruffa ne na rayuwata kuma ba zan iya zama mai manufa ba. Daga Hardy Zan zauna tare da Nisa daga taron mahaukata. Kuma na Orwell con Dabbobin dabbobi.

Amma tare da sauran yayi daidai mafi yawa. Take kamar Wuthering Heights o Jane eyre na iya kasancewa a kowane jerin mafi kyawun litattafan kowane lokaci, kamar yadda yake tare da Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.

Kuma me kuke tunani? Bakada kowa? Za ka canza wasu taken? Nawa ka karanta kuma wanne ya fi so?


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  1.   M. Victoria Fernandez m

    Na yi rashin Elizabeth Gaskell:
    Maryamu Barton (1848)
    Cranford 1851-3)
    Rut (1853)
    Arewa da Kudu (1854-5)
    Mata da 'Ya'ya mata (1865)

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