Menene haikus?

Haikus gajerun wakoki ne

Gajerun adabi za a fara samun rata mai kara fadada a cikin fifikon masu karatu da sabbin marubuta albarkacin sararin Intanet wanda zai bamu damar tseratar da duk wadannan kananan labarai, baitoci da wakoki don tayar da hoto, wani yanayi ko kuma wani uzuri mai sauki don tserewa.

Daya daga cikin mafi kyaun misalai na wannan zazzabi ga micro kuma tabbas da yawa daga cikinku zasu riga sun sani, shine haiku (俳 句), wanda aka fi sani da haiku, wani nau'in tsohuwar waka ta Japan gaba ɗaya bisa abun da ke ciki na ayoyi uku na sigar 5, 7 da 5, Fassarar yamma na tsarin blackberry 17 wanda asalin haiku yayi amfani dashi. Wasu daga cikin sauran buƙatun da ake buƙata ta wannan nau'i na wallafe-wallafen gabas sun haɗa da wanda aka sani da kigo (季 語), kalmar da take nufin takamaiman lokacin shekara ko kuma wannan niyyar kusanci da yanayi.

Tun a karni na sha bakwai haiku ya zama sananne a matsayin wani nau'i na nuna addinin Zen na Japan dan godiya ga maigidan BashöMarubuta da yawa sun ci gaba da daidaita ainihin mitar yayin da wasu suka ɗan sauya shi kaɗan, suna haifar da haikus tare da nusar da wasu jigogi kuma an yi su ne da ayoyi da karin sigar.
Yadda haikus ya fara

Asalin haikus yana da alaƙa da addini a tsohuwar China. A wancan lokacin na addinin Buddha, Confucianism, da Taoism, sun shahara sosai a matsayin hanyar isar da sako ga wasu da kuma bayyana tunani. Koyaya, da gaske ne a cikin karni na goma sha shida lokacin da suka fara zama sanannu sananne ga Matsuo Bashoo, ɗayan mashahuran wakilin waɗannan waƙoƙin.

A bayyane yake, haiku wani nau'I ne na Haikai, wanda wakoki ne na baitoci 36, 50, ko 100 wadanda aka yi su a cikin rukuni, ma'ana, tsakanin mutane da yawa, mawaƙin mawaƙi da ɗaliban da yake da su. Na farko ya fara rubuta ayoyi 3, na sigar 5-7-5. Waɗannan ana kiransu Hokku. Bayan na biyun, dole ne ya yi ayoyi biyu na 7-7 da sauransu a kan sauran, yana ba da cikakkiyar tsari ga Haikai wanda kamar an rubuta shi da hannu ɗaya kawai.

Yadda ake rubuta haiku: abubuwan abubuwa

Akwai abubuwa da yawa a cikin haiku

Idan kuna sha'awar koyon yin haikus, da farko ya kamata ku san menene ainihin abubuwan haikus. Wadannan su ne:

Da awo

Haiku ya kunshi ayoyi uku. Na farko na siloli 5, na biyu na 7 da na uku na 5. A cikin duka, dole ne a sami sigar 17. Wannan shine haiku na yau da kullun, kodayake a yau an yarda ya ɗan bambanta tsakanin ayoyin. Yanzu, jimlar har yanzu yana 17.

Kigo

A kigo haƙiƙa hadawa ne, tsakanin haiku, na kakar shekara. Hakan ba yana nufin cewa dole ne ku sanya sunan watan da yake ciki ba, ko kuma idan lokacin bazara ne, rani, kaka ko damuna. Amma wani abu da yake wakiltar shi: dusar ƙanƙara, wuta, ganye, furanni ...

Yanayin

Akwai haikus da yawa, kuma dukkansu jigogi daban-daban ne, amma masu ilimin gargajiya suna amfani da yanayi azaman tushen asali a cikin halittun su. Don haka idan kuna son yin rubutu kusa da "asali" yadda zai yiwu, kuyi tunani game da yanayi.

Createirƙira ji

Haiku ba haɗin kalmomi bane waɗanda suka dace sosai kuma hakane. Ya kamata su shiga mai karatu kuma su sa su ji wani abu lokacin da suke karanta shi. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa yake da wuya a rubuta haikus waɗanda suke da kyau sosai, saboda dole ne ku zaɓi takamaiman kalmomin kuma ku ba su motsin rai don mutane su sami jin dadi tare da su.

Rubuta haikus: yadda za a yi

Rubuta haikus

Yanzu tunda kun san abubuwan, lokaci yayi da za'ayi amfani dasu. Da farko dai, kar a karaya idan na farkon basu fito ba, ko kuma basu da kyau, domin kuwa dole ne kuci gaba dan ingantawa. Koyaya, akwai wasu abubuwan da zaku iya yi.

Karanta haikus

Lokacin da marubuci ke son yin rubutu, dole ne ya fara samun tushe, kuma ana samun wannan ta hanyar karanta litattafai da ayyukan da suka shafi sha'awarsa. Hakanan yayi daidai da haikus. Idan kanaso ka rubuta su, da farko yakamata ka karanta dayawa dan ganin asalin su.

Kada kuji tsoron wani marubuci ya rinjayi ku. Na farkon da zai faru, amma da kaɗan kadan zaku ayyana halayen ku kuma ku ƙirƙira abubuwan da basu da asali.

Duba

Me kuke ji idan kuka ga ruwan sama yana ta faɗuwa? Kuma yaushe kake ganin fitowar rana ko faduwar rana? Wani lokaci, abubuwan yau da kullun basa sa mu ji komai, kuma duk da haka muna ganin su. Saboda haka, yin tunani don neman wannan motsin zuciyar da ke sanya mu taimaka mana muyi haikus.

Misali, ranar girgije na iya nufin bakin ciki ga wasu, amma ga wasu kuwa farin ciki ne; sanyi na iya nufin tsananin, amma kuma kusanci da wasu.

Ya faɗi wani abu

Kada a yi ƙoƙarin nemo ayoyin da suka dace idan ba su ƙidaya ba. Yana da mafi munin abin da za ku iya yi. Dole ne ku ƙirƙiri ƙaramin labari a cikin waɗannan ayoyin guda uku waɗanda ke motsawa kuma wannan, ban da haka, gabaɗaya ne a cikin labarin.

Zabin sanannen haikus

Akwai shahararrun haikus da yawa

Don gamawa, ga wasu misalai na shahararrun haikus don ku iya fahimtar da su.

Me yasa hakan zata kasance

Me nake tsufa a wannan faɗuwar?

Tsuntsaye suna wucewa cikin gajimare.

Ko da bukka

a cikin duniyar motsi,

Gida ne na 'yar tsana.

Karshen shekara.

Koyaushe irin wannan hular

da takalmin bambaro iri ɗaya!

Matsuo Basho

A lokacin bazara

Hanyar

Ya bace

Yosa buson

Na yanke reshe

kuma ta share sosai

Ta taga.

Masaoka shiki

Rufin ya kone:

ahora

Ina iya ganin wata

mizuta masahide

Duk da hazo

yana da kyau

Dutsen fuji

Matsuo Basho

A cikin dalili

kawai shakku ne zai shigo

suna da mabudi.

Mario Benedetti

Kadai a gado

Ina jin sauro

Gyara waƙar baƙin ciki

Yaran suna zuwa -

suna dauke ni daga gado

kuma shekaru sun shude.

Don aiki na

A cikin kwatami

Wakar uguisu

Na ziyarci kabarin sa a Kiso.

Bude kofa zai nuna Buddha

Furewar fure

Suna nuni da hannunsu -

Yara a ƙafa

wata suna sha'awa.

Hawaii Chigetsu

A cikin ruwa

ji tsoron tunani

da Firefly.

Washe gari.

An gama duka

sawun sawun kafafu.

Bazara.

Ta cikin gajimare

akwai gajerar hanya zuwa wata.

Ba ko ganye ɗaya ba

Ko wata ma baya bacci

A cikin wannan willow

Daga Sute-jo

Dawakan dawakai

Suna jin ƙanshin abincin su

Wani turaren violet

Rosa

Zaren sandar kamun kifi

Wata a lokacin rani

Dusar ƙanƙara

ta kodadde gani

cikin ruwa.

Duk abin da muke tarawa

a kan rairayin bakin teku a low tide-

motsa

Babu yaron da zai zo kusa

Ganuwar takarda

Suna da sanyi

A cikin sarari da duwatsu

Komai ze zama mara motsi

Wannan safiyar dusar kankara

Idan sun rufe da safe

bluebells a cikin furanni

Saboda kiyayyar maza ne!

A lokacin bazara

Komai

Sun fi kyau

Reshen itacen plum da ke fure

bada turare

ga wanda ya yanke shi.

Daga violet na girgije

Zuwa shunayya na irises

Tunanina yana kan hanya.

Fireflies. Fireflies!

A bakin kogi

duhu ya wuce.

Sau da yawa

Hototogisu, hototogisu!

kuma yana wayewa.

Bayan kallon wata

Na bar wannan rayuwar

Tare da albarka

Ruwan yana kara

Fan wuta suna fita

Babu komai

Ciyo-Ni

Kadaici.

Girgije a kan tsaunin dutse

Kuma ciyawar ciyawa ta yi tsalle a cikin kwari.

Huyemaruko Shizuku

Yankan bambaro

Arƙashin taurarin taurari

My scythe bugawa wani kabari

Hiramatsu Yoshiko

Whitean ƙaramin farin kifi

Kamar ya tafasa

Launin ruwan

Konishi raizan

Kuna yi shakka, rosebush.

Shin ba kwa son barin

Daga zuriyar?

Karmelo Urso

Moonananan wata,

ka tuna da wannan soyayyar a yau

yana wucewa.

Freddy Dañez

Daren jiya na rufe
yarana masu bacci
da hayaniyar teku.

Watanabe Hakusen

Raɓa takan gudu.
A cikin wannan datti duniya
Ba na yin komai.

Kobayashi issa

Mafi munin amsa kuwwa
shine cewa yayi daidai
dabbanci.

Mario Benedetti

Far trill.
Malamin dare bai sani ba
wannan yana ta'azantar da ku.

Jorge Luis Borges

Sanya iska
tsakanin itacen dabino da duwatsu
waka ta tsiro.

Octavio Sun

A Scarecrow
ya dubi mutum
idan ruwa yayi.

Natsume Seibi

Wucewa ta masana'anta
wannan wata mai haske sosai
yana da gizo-gizo a farke.

Jose Juan Tablada

A ɗan nan take
a kan furanni
hasken wata

An gama duka
furanni suna rugawa
akan ruwan tafkin

Baramar iska
da ƙyar rawar jiki
inuwar wisteria

Farin gishiri
ido ba zai iya samu ba
kazantar kazanta

Zuwa warin plum
rana ta fito
a kan hanyar dutsen

Guga, daga Bashö

Ruwan sama na daren jiya
rufe wannan safiyar
ta zuriyar dabbobi.

Yau Sogui

Kaka a nan:
sanyin ruwan sama
tsaftace inabi.

Cesar Sanches

Shin kun yarda ku raba naku ko abin da kuka fi so haikus?


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Roberto Soto m

    Shin Borges ya rubuta "dabbanci"? Duba, kai wawa ne

  2.   pato m

    Waka kawai fasaha ce ta fadin abin da mutum yake ji, ayyanawa, kirgawa, lissafawa, daya ne kawai daga cikin wadanda ba su fahimci wakar ba .. Maganganun banza duk muna rubutawa, musamman wadanda suke nuna kamar sun auna abin da muka rubuta.
    fasahar rubutu
    bi fasaha
    Don ji

  3.   m m

    hanyar tana da tsayi amma ta zama takaice wannan haiku ne

  4.   Carlos m

    Benedetti's haiku shine mafi kyawun duka

    Grande Benedetti. Za a karfafa ni in rubuta guda daya in aika

    1.    John Haiku m

      Hanyar doguwa? Menene Carlos? Menene ba daidai ba?

  5.   Son soyayya soyayya m

    Babu shakka
    kowane inuwa ya rufe
    na shirunsa.

  6.   Marco Ortega m

    Tashi kurciya
    bakon maze
    Rana ya yi