1. El Cid ya dawo sansanin. Cantar sa da sauran wakokin sa

El Cid - hoto na Little Cid akan Flickr. Yankin jama'a.

Don Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, El Cid, koma zango. Ko kuma wataƙila bai taɓa daina yin hakan ba, har ma a waɗannan lokutan ingantattun siyasa. Protagonist na Waƙar Mio Cid, ya kasance batun karatun da yawa da ƙarin labarai da litattafai da yawa. Kuma rubutun asali, wanda aka samo a cikin Laburaren Kasa, an gan shi a bainar jama'a a karon farko a tarihi na 'yan kwanaki a watan jiya. A cikin wannan Labari na farko game da shi na zaba wasu ayoyi na wannan aikin da ba ya lalacewa da sauransu daga cikin sanannun sanannun.

Waƙar Mio Cid

Mu daga cikinmu da muke nazarin abin da ake kira tsarkakakkun haruffa sun san abin da ya ke don fahimtar wasu gutsutsuren fasikancin Mutanen Espanya na ƙarni na XNUMX lokacin da muka karanta Waƙar Mio Cid. Babban fitaccen littafin adabi na da A cikin wadannan bangarorin, waka ce ta almara mafi tsufa wannan ya kiyaye completo.

Idaya abubuwan ban mamaki daga mai martaba Castilian Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, wanda ya rayu a cikin rabi na biyu na karni na sha ɗaya. Yaki a kan Moors don dawo da mutuncinsu bayan an zarge shi da laifin satar kudi daga sarki.

Mawallafinsa da kwanan wata a cikin abin da aka rubuta zauna dalilin muhawara by Mazaje Ne Ba su da alama sun yarda cewa ya dogara da a jerin sigar baka dole ne hakan ya yadu tun kadan bayan mutuwar Jarida.

Na zabi sanannen nassi daga Jura na Santa Gadea in tuna. Kuma ina karawa da ayoyin da ya kebanta dasu Manuel Machado a cikin waka ta Castilla.

Jura na Santa Gadea

A Santa Gadea de Burgos,
Shin 'ya'yan allah sun rantse,
sun dauki rantsuwa ga Alfonso
saboda mutuwar dan uwansa.
Kyakkyawan Cid ya ɗauka,
cewa mai kyau Castilian Cid,
akan ƙarfen ƙarfe
da kuma giciye na katako
kuma tare da wasu bishara
kuma gicciyen hannu
Kalmomin suna da karfi
wanda ke tsoratar da sarki mai kyau:
- villains kashe ka, sarki,
mugaye waɗanda ba manyan mutane ba,
da Asturias na Oviedo,
wancan ba Castilian bane;
kashe kanka da tsini,
ba da mashi ko baka ba;
tare da wukake
ba da wuƙaƙe na zinariya ba;
yalwaci hanyoyi,
ba takalma da baka ba;
da rigunan bacci marasa kyau,
ba na holland ko sassaka ba;
hau, zo a kan jakuna,
ba a kan alfadarai ko dawakai ba;
kawo igiyar reins,
ba na fatattun fata;
kashe kanka saboda garma,
ba a ƙauyuka ko birane ba,
kuma cire zuciyar ka
ga bangaren zunubi
idan bakada gaskiya
daga abin da ake tambayar ku:
idan ka tafi ko ka yarda
a cikin mutuwar ɗan'uwanka.
Rantsuwa tayi karfi
cewa sarki bai basu ba.

Manuel Machado

Castilla

Makauniyar rana ta faɗi
a kan ƙananan gefuna na makamai,
pyallen ƙirji mai rauni mai sauƙi da baya
da harshen wuta a saman mashi.
Makaho rana, ƙishirwa da gajiya
Ta hanyar mummunan matakan Castilian,
yayi hijira, tare da nasa guda goma sha biyu
-dust, gumi da baƙin ƙarfe- abubuwan hawa Cid.
Dutse da masaukin laka an rufe.Babu wanda ya amsa ... Zuwa ga pommel
kuma zuwa tatsuniyar spades mai rufewa
zata bada hanya Rana tana kuna, iska tana ci
Zuwa ga mummunan duka
na amsa kuwwa, tsarkakakkiyar murya, ta azurfa
kuma anyi shi da gilashi, amsa ... Akwai wata yarinya
mai rauni sosai kuma yayi fari sosai
a bakin kofa Shin duk
idanu shuɗi, kuma a cikin idanu. hawaye.
Nimba kodadde
fuskarsa mai son sani da tsoro.Gidan Cid, shigo ciki. Sarki zai kashe mu
zai lalata gidan
kuma shuka gonar mara kyau da gishiri
cewa mahaifina yana aiki ...
Ya tafi. Sama ta cika ku da sa'a ...
A cikin muguntarmu, oh Cid, ba ku sami komai ba! Yarinyar ta yi shiru tana kuka ba tare da nishi ba ...
Yaran wasan yara sun ketare tawaga
na zuriya jarumai,
da wata murya mara sassauci tana ihu: Zo mu tafi!
Makaho rana, ƙishirwa da gajiya ...
Ta hanyar mummunan matakan Castilian,
yayi hijira, tare da nasa guda goma sha biyu
-dust, gumi da baƙin ƙarfe- abubuwan hawa Cid.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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