Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan

Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan.

Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan.

Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan (1990) labari ne mai ban sha'awa na matasa wanda Carmen Martín Gaite ya kirkira. Tatsuniya ce ta zamani. Bincike na madawwami diatribe tsakanin mafarki da gaskiya. Ya kasance taken da ake bi da shi a mafi yawan lokuta a matsayin "ƙaramin aiki" a cikin babban kundin tarihin marubucin Salamanca. Koyaya, ya kasance babban nasarar bugawa (shi ne littafi mafi sayarwa a cikin Spain a cikin 1991).

Kuma a, na "ƙarami", ba shi da iota. Jarumi ne kawai yake da ikon faɗan ɗaya daga cikin labaran duniya da aka fi sani da ɗan adam. Labari mai dauke da al'adun baka na karnuka a bayanta, wanda, - akasari - ga Charles Perrault da Brothers Grimm, ya kasance ingantacce kuma mara karewa. Aikin marubucin yana da irin wannan tasirin wanda a shekarar 2016 da Carmen Martín Gaite lambar yabo.

Carmen Martín Gaite: marubucin

An haife ta a garin Salamanca a cikin 1925, tana ɗaya daga cikin marubutan da ke da tasirin magana sosai a cikin harshen Spanish a ƙarni na XNUMX. Hakanan ya zama alama ce ta mace mai ci gaba. Dangane da haka, daga cikin kyaututtukan yabo da yawa da aka samu a rayuwa shine ainihin Kyautar Matan Ci Gaban a cikin bugunta na farko, wanda aka gudanar a 1990.

Lokacin da kasancewa majagaba shine cancanta kuma "slab"

A tsakanin shekarun 1970s, 1980s, da 1990s, an fara gano Gaite a matsayin mace (ba nuna bambanci ba, ba da tunanin lokacin). Ari, lokacin da a cikin 1978 ya zama na farko da za a ba da lambar yabo ta adabin ƙasa ta Spain don labari Dakin baya.

Abin da gaske "bakon" shine cewa a wannan lokacin - har zuwa karni na XNUMX - gaskiyar (kasancewa mace) har yanzu ana amfani dashi azaman ƙima daban. A bayyane yake ma'anar, aƙalla, rashin adalci da son zuciya, saboda aikin Carmen Martín Gaite yana da yawa kuma ya bambanta.

Carmen Martin Gaite.

Carmen Martin Gaite.

Lokacin rubutawa

Yayi karatun Falsafa da Haruffa a Jami'ar Salamanca. A can ya sami digiri a Falsafa ta Falsafa. Kodayake littafinsa na farko, Gidan sararin samaniya, An buga shi a cikin 1955, Martín Gaite ya yi ikirari a lokuta da dama cewa ya kasance marubuci mai ƙoshin lafiya. Tun yana ɗan shekara takwas ya fara gano aikin sa da rubuta wasu labarai. Rayuwarsa koyaushe tana da alaƙa da duniyar haruffa.

Amma ba kawai labarin ne yake nunawa akan ci gaba ba. Ya rubuta wasanni biyu: Bishiyar bushe (an kammala shi a shekarar 1957, an sake shi a shekarar 1987) kuma Yar kanwar (an kammala shi a 1959, an sake shi a 1999). Hakazalika, ya yi fice a matsayin marubuci. A gaskiya, aikinsa Amorous amfani da Spanish zamanin postwar, ya sa ta cancanci kyautar Anagrama Essay a cikin 1987.

Sauran ayyukan adabi

Marubucin na Sifen ya kuma ba da lokaci don sukar adabi da fassarar rubutu ta marubuta kamar Gustave Flaubert da Rainer Maria Rilke. Bugu da kari, ya hada kai wajen samar da rubutattun shirye-shiryen bidiyo na Televisión Española: Saint Teresa na Yesu (1982) y Celia (1989). Na karshen ya dogara ne da labaran Elena Fortún. Carmen Martín Gaite ya mutu a 2000, wanda ke fama da cutar kansa.

Kuma Little Red Riding Hood ya tafi New York

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan

Da farko dai Ba shi yiwuwa a yi biris da yanayin mai zuwa: labaran Little Red Riding Hood dukiya ce ta gama gari ta duk mutanen da suka taɓa ji ko karanta su. Sabili da haka, yana wakiltar kyakkyawan misali na aikin da aka gina daga "ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya".

Na biyu, Aikin Martín Gaite baya bin layi na yau da kullun na "ƙirar" labarin Little Red Riding Hood. Canje-canjen ba wai kawai "kwaskwarima" ba ne. Haka kuma bai takaita da zana New York a matsayin wani daji mai cike da hadurran zamani ba, cike da "dabbobin daji" kuma da mummunar manufa.

Hujja

Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan kukan 'yanci ne. Hadarin jarumar ya faru ne a cikin hanyoyin karkashin kasa, a nutse a cikin duniyar da take tsammanin ta sani. A zahiri, bincike ne mai zurfi, na ciki, nesa da tafiya ta hanyar "ɓoye" kawai. Kadaici, ta tsere daga iyayenta, ta ƙare tana neman cikin kanta don ganowa da kuma biyan babban burinta.

Duniya talakawa?

Wannan ɗan ƙaramin jan hodin dole ne ya fuskanci sararin samaniya inda, tabbas, mugu, mai suna Woolf, ba zai iya kasancewa ba. Mai gaba da shi duk sharri ne, son kai da hadama. Hakanan, cikakkiyar cikakkiyar haɗuwa ga tatsuniya ta zamani mai cike da adadi na Manichean ya bayyana: kuɗi.

Amma Sara - yarinyar da aka santa daga Brooklyn, tana da sha'awar zuwa Manhattan - dole ne ba kawai ta fuskanci mambobin "mummunan" ba. Tana jawo wa masu tsananta mata tunani game da ayyukansu da kuma dalilin wanzuwar su. Sannan batun 'yanci na gaske ya bayyana babu makawa; dole ne kowa ya dauki nauyin yanke shawara, ko sun yi daidai ko ba daidai ba.

Na fantasy da ƙaddara

Carmen Martín Gaite ta gudanar da wannan aikin — banda sake tabbatar da sunanta a tsakanin marubutan “manyan tallace-tallace” a cikin Sifaniyanci - don tabbatar da ƙa'idodinta na adabi. Da kyau, marubucin Mutanen Espanya ya kare daidaito na ƙima da ƙage a cikin rubutu ɗaya. Musamman, ya ce "cewa labari yana da gaskiya ba yana nufin cewa yana da gaskiya ba, kuma ba dole ne ya zama abin yarda ba."

In ji Carmen Martín Gaite.

In ji Carmen Martín Gaite.

Yarinya da ke yawo a titunan New York ita kaɗai ke kan iyaka. Koyaya, labarin yana aiki ba tare da barin sarari ga mai karatu ba don mamakin shin mai yiwuwa ne ko a'a. Sabili da haka, abubuwan da suka faru na wannan Redananan Redan Ruwa suna wakiltar mafi kyawun tatsuniyoyin zamani. Ba daga duniyar duniyar da aka bayyana a cikin kurmin da ke cikin duhu cewa 'yan mata na farko marasa wayewa dole su tsallaka don fuskantar babban mummunan kerkeci.

Ba tare da hadaddun kafin zargi ba

Martín Gaite ya ba da kansa sosai da nasara ga sukar adabi. Babu shakka wannan ya taimaka masa ya ga aikin waɗannan marubutan (don haka, ba tare da ambato ko rubutu ba) ba tare da kowane irin rukunin gidaje ba. Tunda, idan akwai adadi koyaushe ana kallo da tuhuma - ko da ta hanyar wulakanci - a cikin zane-zane gaba ɗaya, na mai sukar ne. Dama ko kuskure, galibi ana sanya su a matsayin masu takaici.

Ko da masu sukar ana ganin cewa ba sa iya bayar da wasiyya ga aikin da ya cancanci tunani. Amma matar Salamanca tana fatan sake nazarin wadannan kwararrun. Haka kuma, ya kasance mai matukar sha'awar sanin tarbar aikinsa a tsakanin jama'a. Don haka, tana iya gano yuwuwar abubuwan labarunta waɗanda ba a kula da su yayin rubuce-rubuce.

Tunanin aikin

Duk da nasarar kasuwancin da ba za a iya shakkarta ba, ra'ayoyin jama'a game da Little Red Riding Hood a Manhattan koyaushe yana rarrabu. Wani ɓangare na masu karatu sun sami abin farin ciki mai ban sha'awa. Ga waɗansu, ɗan ƙaramin jan iska a cikin "garin da ba ya barci", tare da kakarta da babban kerkeci, kawai wakiltar uzuri ne don motsa jiki a binciken kai.

A gefe guda, akwai mutanen da suka ji daɗin labarin ba tare da yin tambayoyi da yawa game da yarinyar daga Brooklyn da ke tafiya a cikin Manhattan ba. Hakanan basu damu sosai ba idan Little Red Riding Hood yana da lokacin yawo Central Park ba tare da halakarwa ga wani mummunan dodo ba. Akalla ba "a zahiri ba."

Redaramar Motar Jan Ruwa a Manhattan: Rashin jin daɗin ɓangaren jama'a?

Amma akwai rukuni na uku waɗanda ba su sami abin da suke tsammani ba: tatsuniya mai tsoka amma an saita a New York. Shin akwai wani abu da ke damun wannan? A zahiri, bayanin ba tilas bane. Babu amsa guda ɗaya. Tabbas Carmen Martín Gaite ba zai yarda da wannan ra'ayin ba. Domin wannan shine abin da kasadar karatu (da fasaha gabaɗaya) ya ƙunsa.

Nau'in kirkirarren labari ya dogara ne da gano sabuwar - ko kuma wani lokacin tsohuwar - duniyoyi ba tare da sanya ra'ayoyin da aka ƙaddara ba kafin fassara bayanin. Kamar yadda Sara ta yi, "Littlearamar Redan Ruwan Manhattan." A kowane hali, aikin Martín Gaite gayyata ne don yin tambaya game da menene 'yancin zaɓe kuma idan da gaske akwai shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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