Daughtersa daughtersan matan ƙauye

'Ya'yan garin yadudduka.

'Ya'yan garin yadudduka.

Daughtersa daughtersan matan ƙauye shine kashi na biyu na rubutun adabi wanda marubuciya 'yar kasar Jamus Anne Jacobs ta kirkira. An buga shi asali a cikin 2015, kodayake ba zai zama ba sai bayan shekaru uku kafin fassarar Mutanen Espanya ta isa shagunan littattafai. Wasan kwaikwayo na tarihi ne wanda ke ɗaukar rikice-rikice tsakanin Crawleys da bayin su a matsayin tushen sa ilham. Sakamakon? Babban nasara tsakanin jama'a da masu sukar musamman.

Hanyar gabatowa labarai game da mulkin mallaka na Turai na ƙarshen 2010th da farkon ƙarni na XNUMX ya canza sabanin na XNUMX. A waccan shekarar aka sake ta Downton Abbey, ɗayan ɗayan shirye-shiryen talabijin mafi nasara a Biritaniya, wanda marubucin allon nasara Oscar Julian Fellowes ya ƙirƙiro. Babban nasarar da wannan masana'antar ta samu ya wargaza tsohuwar sifa: (da zato) wasan kwaikwayo na tarihi ba sa sayarwa.

Game da marubucin, Anne Jacobs

Wata baiwa ta ɓoye

An haife shi a 1941, a cikin Lower Saxony, a wancan lokacin shine mafi yawan tarayya a cikin Jamus. Marubuciya ta kasance mai kishi musamman ta kare rayuwarta ta sirri, wanda shine dalilin da yasa babu cikakken bayani. Da wuya a sami tabbaci game da Anne Jacobs. Daga cikin su, karatun sa a kide-kide da yare. Har ila yau, na dogon lokaci ta dukufa ga koyarwa a matsayin malamin makarantar sakandare.

Sana'ar adabi (amma ba ita ce sana'ar ba) ta kai shi lokacin da ya manyanta. An buga ayyukansa na farko a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, lokacin da ya yanke shawarar sadaukar da kansa gaba ɗaya ga wasiƙu. Sakamakon litattafan tarihi sun ba shi damar samun 'yancin cinikin kuɗi don kawai buƙatar rubutu. Kodayake nesa da duk wata sanarwa ta jama'a, kamar yadda ya yi amfani da sunan karya don ya zauna a cikin inuwa.

Ofauyen yadudduka, littafin da ya canza komai

A shekarar 2014 ya yanke shawarar bugawa da sunansa na ainihi. Zai yi shi da babin farko na abin da ya fahimta a cikin hirarraki daban-daban, koyaushe ana ɗaukarsa azaman uku ne. Ofauyen yadudduka ya kasance mafi kyawun mai sayarwa. Ko ta yaya, taken ya ba Jacobs babban matsayi tsakanin marubutan Jamusanci na yau. Binciken masu karatu sun kasance masu ban sha'awa, duk da wasu masu sukar da kawai suka kalle shi a matsayin littafin "daidai salon magana".

Bayan shekara guda, aka ƙaddamar da Ya daughtersyan garin masu yadudduka, wanda shahararsa ta sanya Anne Jacobs ta zama marubuciya mai yawa tsakanin jama'a Teutonic. Da wannan rubutun marubucin ya nuna ikonta na gabatar da almara a tsakiyar rikici na gaske: Tarihin Yaƙin Duniya na Farko. Toari da ƙirƙirar ingantaccen labari na waƙoƙi, wanda — banda mayar da hankali ga maƙwabtansa - yana kiyaye cikakken daidaito.

Gadon ƙauyen yadudduka: ainihin kafin da bayan

An buga ƙarshen bugawar (a cikin Jamusanci da Spanish) a cikin 2019. Kodayake Jacobs ya sami gagarumar nasara a ƙasashen waje tare da abubuwan da suka gabata, amma keɓewar '' gida '' bai zo ba har Gadon ƙauyen yadudduka. A hanyar, nasarar cikin tallace-tallace na wannan yana nufin babbar buƙata ga magabata.

Masu karanta labarin Melzer na yau da kullun sun yi farin ciki da ƙarshen. A gare su, “kasancewa da latti” ya zama epiphany. Labari ne mai daɗi da nishaɗi, mai wadataccen albarkatu da dabaru waɗanda tuni an gwada su, amma har yanzu suna da inganci.

Hujja daga Daughtersa daughtersan matan ƙauye

Wani katafaren gida mai suna Augsburg ya zama asibitin yaki a matsayin babban filin wasa. Masana'antar zane tana da madaidaicin "wurin". Tare da wasan kwaikwayo da aka tashe tsakanin haruffa - koyaushe ana samun rikice-rikice ta hanyar kyau tsakanin alaƙar ɗan adam - ba zai yiwu a haɗa da babban abu ba: Babban Yaƙin. Hakan ya faru ne a cikin yanayi inda cancantar "Yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya" bai wanzu da gaske ba, domin a lokacin wannan yaƙin, babu wanda ya yi tunanin cewa za a sami ci gaba.

Daga cikin abubuwan jan hankali da ke tattare da hikimomin tarihi shine karfafa ƙaddara. A gefe guda, gaskiyar "haƙiƙa" da "babu shakka", wanda kowa ya san sakamakonta (aƙalla a wani bangare). A gefe guda, haruffa tare da waɗanda yake da sauƙi don haɓaka jinƙai. Bayan haka, mai karatu ya sami mace mai haɗari, kyakkyawa kuma mai son neman aure, masifa ta iyali, tana son haɓaka… da kuma manyan sirrin dangi.

Análisis

Hadin ingantaccen

Ana Jacobs.

Ana Jacobs.

Inganci da salon da Jacobs ya nuna don cakuɗa waɗannan abubuwan duka, su ne fannoni daban-daban waɗanda ke ba da tarihinsa na musamman. Wadannan dalilai sun bayyana sosai a cikin matsakaiciyar babi, Daughtersa daughtersan matan ƙauye. Ga marubuta da yawa, tsira daga ɓangarori na biyu ba koyaushe yake da sauƙi ba. Koyaya, Jacobs ya wuce tare da A's.

Ba wai kawai yana haɓaka ruhun da aka haɓaka tare da tsarin farko ba, ita, kazalika, gaskiya ga tsarin abubuwan uku, ya nuna ƙwarewar iya "duhunta sama" da halayensa. Tabbataccen gaskiyar rayuwa ya zama aiki na titanic, wanda ƙauna (ƙauna koyaushe) zata iya zama duka balm da guba.

Ba na asali ba?

Gabaɗaya, dukkanin abubuwanda ake kira Ofauyen yadudduka ya faɗi cikin abin da za mu kira "ingantaccen labari." Tabbas, musamman 'Ya'yan gidan yadudduka. Koyaya, zuwa wani lokaci marubucin ana da'awar rashin asali. Wannan matsala ce? A takaice amsa ita ce a'a. Duk da rashin bayyanannun abubuwa da abubuwan al'ajabi, labarin bai taɓa nuna ramuka ba.

Jacobs ya zurfafa cikin kwatancen halayensa kuma, galibi, abubuwan da suke ji. Ta wannan hanyar, marubucin Saxon ba wai kawai yake kulawa don tabbatar da sha'awa a cikin makircin ba, har ma ya sami ci gaban masu haɓaka. A lokaci guda, yana amfani da tsaftacewa, lafazi mai ma'ana (duk da yawan adadin bayanai da sunaye), ba tare da sarari don rikicewa ba.

Tarihi a matsayin baya

Gaskiya ne ga aikin koyarwarsa, Marubuciyar kuma ta yi amfani da labarinta don yin muhimmin lokaci a tarihin Jamusawa ga sanannen ɓangaren jama'a. Tabbas, ba za a iya bayyana shi a matsayin labarin yaƙi ba, duk da haka, Daughtersa daughtersan matan ƙauye yana ba da taƙaitaccen bayani game da yadda al'ummar Jamusawa, da maɗaukakiyar mashahu da waɗanda ba su da tagomashin tattalin arziki suka rayu cikin rikici wanda ya canza duniya har abada.

Jacobs ya yi imani sosai da labaran almara - A cikin shari'arsa ta musamman, a cikin litattafan "tatsuniyoyin tarihi" - a matsayin ingantacciyar hanyar yada wasu bayanai ga jama'a. Waɗannan abubuwan da suka faru sun nuna alama ga ƙarni kuma sun canza duniya har abada. Bayan haka, bayan karanta karatun, masu karatu suna da sha'awar gano dalla-dalla abubuwan da suka faru a wannan lokacin.

In ji Anne Jacobs.

In ji Anne Jacobs.

Labarin da yayi tasiri

Masu sukar ra'ayi koyaushe suna taka muhimmiyar rawa yayin magana game da duk wata alama ta fasaha. Amma lokacin da fasaha da kasuwanci ke tafiya kafada da kafada, kamar yadda yake tare da masana'antar wallafe-wallafe, ainihin mahimmin mahimmanci shine karɓar jama'a. Saboda haka, game da Anne Jacobs kuma Ya daughtersyan garin masu yadudduka, amsar daya ce: littafi ne da ya dace a karanta shi.

Reviewsarin bita masu kyau suna ƙara tallafawa ta lambobin kofe da aka siyar: sama da kofi miliyan 3 a duk duniya. Saboda haka, Duk wani shakku an warware shi kafin jigo mai zuwa: nasara ce ta adabi ta kowace ma'anar magana.


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