On June 22, 1928, at the Cortijo de Fraile de Níjar, in the current Cabo de Gata Natural Park in Almería, a tragic event took place. Specifically, a wedding that ended the tragedy when the bride decided to run away with the man she was really in love with. A real event that would inspire one of the most iconic works of Federico García Lorca: Bodas de sangre.
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Synopsis of Blood Wedding
In an Andalusian town, everyone is ready to celebrate a wedding that will reveal the secrets and quarrels of two families. On the one hand, the groom's family consists of a mother who lost her husband and one of her children because of the Felix, whose son Leonardo is still in love with the bride.
A situation that heats up a wedding that, although it does take place, ends in tragedy when the bride decides to run away with Leonardo. A flight that mobilizes the entire town, with the groom as the couple's main pursuer through the forest.
Finally, the story comes to an end with the death of the Groom and Leonardo, who end each other while the moon lies high in the sky. The bride survives, becoming the main sufferer of death along with Leonardo's wife.
This ending, known to all, supposes the emergence of a story that goes in growing, full of all the Andalusian mythology spilled by a Lorca in a state of grace. Recurring elements combined with an inspiration born thanks to the press release that related the story of Francisca Cañadas, who one night in July 1928 fled with her cousin Francisco Montes, the love of her life, from the wedding just celebrated with her fiancé , Casimiro, with whom her family tried to marry her so that her dowry would fall in good stead.
Blood Wedding Characters
Blood Wedding is made up of the following main and secondary characters:
- The boyfriend: Despite being somewhat naive, he is a very passionate man, so he cannot bear the idea of seeing his fiancée in the hands of another man. For him, his passion for the bride symbolizes the definition of true love.
- Girlfriend: Passionate and hesitant, she drags hundreds of dilemmas throughout the first section of the play until her impulsiveness explodes after the wedding. She is the total protagonist of the play (as confirmed by the recent adaptation, The Bride) and she protects herself in the forces of nature as an excuse to justify her escape.
- Leonardo: The third angle of the triangle is the bride's cousin, with whom she is deeply in love. Married to the protagonist's cousin, he sees his desire increase as the story progresses until he decides to run away with her. Unscrupulous, he is passionate and the antagonistic character of the play.
- Mother: As a shadow narrator, the groom's mother is in charge of filling in all the gaps in the plot with information that makes it easier to understand the other characters and their actions.
- Leonardo's wife: She knows of her husband's feelings towards the bride, at the same time that, together with her mother-in-law, she predicts the tragedy that will happen at the end of the play.
Blood Wedding Symbology
In Blood Weddings, numerous symbols previously appreciated in Lorca's work also act as characters and conductors of the story:
- Moon: A Lorca classic, the moon is usually linked to death, although in Blood Weddings it also acts as a canvas of purity and a reflection of the blood and violence that outlines history.
- Horse: It symbolizes virility and masculinity.
- The beggar: Dressed in green, she appears in the last section of the play accompanying the Bride to her final destination. It symbolizes death.
Blood Wedding: The Poetry of Violence
Blood Weddings was born through the aforementioned press release that narrated the events that took place in Nijar in 1928, specifically one published by the Diario de Málaga titled "The whims of a woman provoke the development of a bloody tragedy in which it costs a man his life ". It was like this Lorca decided to take history as tragedy, a genre that in turn conceived as the most obvious root of theater.
After months of writing, finally on March 8, 1933 Bodas de sangre premiered at the Beatriz Theater in Madrid, becoming such a success that It was the only play by Lorca published in a book in 1935 by the publishing house El Arbol under the title Blood Wedding: Tragedy in three acts and seven quarters.
Both in its theatrical and literary versions, Blood Wedding is presented in three different acts, which are made up of different frames (the first into three, while the second and third act are divided into two frames). A structure that allows for greater fluidity in the narrative, while at the same time providing total suspense to the story.
In addition, the work would become the subject of many other later theater pieces as well as different film adaptations, among them the one taken to the cinema in 1938 with Lorca's muse, Margarita Xirgu, as the protagonist, or The Bride, premiered in 2015 with Inma. It costs in the lead role.
Considered as one of the great works of Federico García Lorca, Blood Wedding is the best representative of the author's influence: a family scene such as the Andalusian one, tinged with its own symbolism that conspires against destiny based on tragedy, a genre that Lorca would reveal on the scene three years before a murder that would deprive us of the eternal magic of one of the great authors of history.
Would you like to read the book Bodas de sangre by Federico García Lorca? You can find it here!.